What you should know about Jum’uah

Jum’uah is Friday in Arabic. But unlike the other days of the week which to some extent focus on numbers – yawm al-Ahad, which is Sunday, literally means day one and yawm al-ithnayn, which is Monday, literally means day two and so on – the day of Jum’uah is the day of congregation, gathering and assembly. It is the day when you see the Jama’ah – the muslim unity all assemble in the most beloved place to Allah on earth, the masajid or mosques. One of the reasons it is called Jum’uah is because Muslims everywhere assemble for the compulsory congregational prayer and to listen to the khutbah – the Friday sermon and admonition, and then greet each other with peace and blessings. 

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever does ghusl, then comes to Jumu’ah, and prays what is decreed for him, then listens attentively until the khutbah is over, then prays with him (the imam), will be forgiven (his sins) between that and the next Jumu’ah, and three days more.”

Sahih Muslim

The Jum’uah prayer is two rakats of prayer, and it replaces the four Rakat Dhur prayer. As an indication of the importance of Jum’uah prayer, whoever prays Jum’uah doesn’t have to pray Dhur. It must be performed in the mosque, like the Eid prayer, and if a person misses it he prays Dhur instead. What is worse, is that missing 3 consecutive Jum’uah will leave a seal over your heart. The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) says on the planks of his pulpit:

“People must cease from abandoning the Friday prayers or Allah will seal their hearts and then they will be among the negligent.”

Sahih Muslim

There is a Surah in the Quran named Al-Jum’uah which at the end of the Surah Allah commands the believers when they hear the call to prayer on the day of Jum’uah to attend and leave off all worldly matters – namely work and business and how that it better for them.

“O, you who believe! When the call for Friday prayer is made, hasten towards the remembrance of Allah (Prayer and Khutba) and leave all transactions. This is best for you if you know.”

Surah al-Jumu’ah, 9

It is also recommended to recite this Surah in the actual Jum’uah prayer. Jum’uah is the best day of the week and anything you ask Allah for on that day is granted if you manage to catch the special hour.  Allah’s Messenger (Allah bless him & give him peace) said:

‘There is an hour on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while offering Salat (prayer) and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.’

Sahih al-Bukhari

We have just finished fasting a month and yesterday we celebrated Eid al-fitr. This year it is a blessing that one Eid is followed by another –  Friday. Every Friday is a mini celebration.  We wear our best clothes, have a bath and wear our best perfume.  The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said,

“Verily, Allah has made this day of Friday a celebration for the Muslims. Whoever comes to Friday prayer, let him bathe himself, apply perfume if he has it, and use the toothstick.”

Sunan Ibn Mājah

Finally as we assemble in the masjid all together for prayer on Jum’uah, it’s a reminder of the biggest assembly which is on the Day of assembly, the last day. We are reminded of that day in every prayer when we say : Maalik yawmid-deen – the King of judgement day.  

May Allah assemble us with the Prophets, Pious and our loved ones in Jannatul-Firdaws

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